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Title, subtitle and main picture of the page The medieval town and its professions


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Location map of medieval trades in Saint-Denis.
Location map of medieval trades in Saint-Denis. © UASD / Th. Sagory, M. Wyss
he growth of the medieval town was accompanied by a rapid increase in urban professions, whose principal roles were feeding, clothing and equipping the inhabitants. As the lord of the city, the abbey was particularly concerned with properly overseeing the various trades. The Livre Vert de Saint-Denis, compiled in 1411 on the orders of abbot Philippe de Villette (1398-1418), regulated such areas as taxes, working hours, and production supervision. The text reveals the town's tradespeople in all their diversity - bakers, butchers, oil vendors,cervoise Cervoise
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A popular beverage in the Middle Ages, similar to beer.
brewers, taverniers, innkeepers, leather workers, cordonniers,shoemakers, cobblers, cartwrights, furriers, fullers Fullers
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craftsperson who took woven woolen cloth and transformed it into felt by pressing and compressing it.
and weavers.


Vidéo du livre vert © Archives Nationales
Certain sources-including a twelfth-century tanning pit from a furrier's workshop and a waste area from a fourteenth-century silversmith-enameller silversmith-enameller - offer archaeologists additional concrete information about the work of these artisans. On the other hand, archaeology is our only source of information about ceramic production,which was active between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. Throughout the Middle Ages, construction was a particularly important sector of activity.

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